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Russia has so far not agreed to the plan, according to the Turkish presidential spokesman
Turkey has offered to evacuate Ukrainian fighters and civilians from the besieged Azovstal steel plant in Mariupol, President Recep Tayyip Erdogan’s top adviser Ibrahim Kalin told Reuters on Saturday.
Under the Turkish scheme, wounded Ukrainian fighters and civilians would be taken from the plant by land to the Ukrainian port of Berdyansk, controlled by Russian forces, and then shipped to Istanbul. Kalin did not explain why the land transfer was needed given that Mariupol has a large port of its own.
“If it can be done that way, we are happy to do it. We are ready. In fact our ship is ready to go and bring the injured soldiers and other civilians to Turkey,” Kalin said, adding that the plan might still materialize. “It may happen, yes. I believe it may happen.”
The boat is still in Istanbul. It is ready to sail but we are waiting for final clearance from Russian and Ukrainian side for it to go to Berdyansk and bring those injured soldiers to Turkey.
Last week, both Russia and Ukraine said the evacuation of civilians from the sprawling industrial facility was complete. Currently, only fighters from the neo-Nazi Azov regiment and some units of the Ukrainian military remain inside the plant.
Ukrainian forces holed up in the steelworks have repeatedly urged foreign leaders, including Turkey’s President Erdogan, to help them get out. However, they have vowed to continue fighting, refusing to surrender to forces of Russia and the Donetsk People’s Republic, calling such an outcome “a gift for the enemy”.
Russia attacked Ukraine in late February, following Kiev’s failure to implement the terms of the Minsk agreements, first signed in 2014, and Moscow’s eventual recognition of the Donbass republics of Donetsk and Lugansk. The German- and French-brokered protocols were designed to give the breakaway regions special status within the Ukrainian state.
The Kremlin has since demanded that Ukraine officially declare itself a neutral country that will never join the US-led NATO military bloc. Kiev insists the Russian offensive was completely unprovoked and has denied claims it was planning to retake the two republics by force.