hi INDiA
South Asian Views On Global News - Update 24X7

Diplomacy failed to rise to the occasion in ‘62: Former J-K Governor NN Vohra

Tribune News Service
New Delhi, November 26

India International Centre President and former Jamp;K Governor NN Vohra on Friday opined that India’s professional diplomatic corps, and “perhaps the military”, failed to perform adequately leading to the defeat in the 1962 war with China.

The 1960 visit by the Chinese premier Chou en Lai was a good opportunity to include some kind of arrangement to mark the beginning of a process to end this problem. But the general atmosphere was of no compromise as Nehru failed to steer or mould the thought process in Parliament for a settlement on territorial basis, he said, adding that Nehru believed China would never attack India.

“Policy planners made a half-accurate assessment of the likely Chinese response to the so-called Forward Policy. It led to circumstances and consequences that created damage in bilateral ties,” added Vohra while hoping that political unanimity would help settle the issue.

“The failure of senior diplomats and perhaps the military is a signal feature of the book, ” said Vohra while chairing in a discussion on the book “The Fractured Himalaya: India Tibet China 1949-1962” authored by the former Foreign Secretary Nirupama Rao here on Friday. The discussants were former Ambassador to China Chandrashekhar Dasgupta and Congress leader Manish Tewari.

Nirupama Rao said her interpretation was that of a diplomat and a practitioner. “It is a wide-angled assessment of early (Sino-India) history that has influenced us to this age. We cannot make a simplistic deduction, particularly about Nehru,” she said.

Like the former Jamp;K Governor, the former Foreign Secretary also felt that Chou, during his 1960, was willing to take a flexible approach. “But we saw the border line as sacrosanct and not subject to change,” she observed.

Manish Tewari felt India has not really had a national catharsis in the 1962 war and felt that India and China came from opposite ends of the spectrum in terms of personal experiences. While India’s was a pacifist freedom struggle, the Chinese were hardened by decades or war, first with the Japanese and then the civil war.

gtag('set', {'user_id': 'USER_ID'}); // Set the user ID using signed-in user_id.